May 2nd, 2016
Melbourne is the capital and most populated city in the Australian state of Victoria, and the 2nd most populous city in Australia and Oceania. The name “Melbourne” refers to the location of metropolitan agglomeration (along with a census analytical division) spanning 9,900 km2, which makes up the broader metropolitan area, along with being the common name for its city center. The city is located on the big natural bay of Port Phillip and expands into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon range of mountains, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. Melbourne includes 31 municipalities. It has a population of 4,347,955 as of 2013 and its occupants are called Melbournians.
Established by complimentary settlers from the British Crown colony of Van Diemen’s Land on 30 August 1835, in what was then the nest of New South Wales, it was included as a Crown settlement in 1837. It was named “Melbourne” by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Richard Bourke, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. It was formally proclaimed a city by Queen Victoria in 1847, after which it ended up being the capital of the newly established colony of Victoria in 1851. Throughout the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was changed into among the world’s biggest and wealthiest cities. After the federation of Australia in 1901, it worked as the nation’s interim seat of government till 1927.
Melbourne rates highly in education, entertainment, healthcare, research and development, tourism and sport, making it the world’s most liveable city– for the fifth year in a row in 2015, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit. It is a leading monetary center in the Asia-Pacific area, and ranks among the leading 30 cities worldwide in the Global Financial Centers Index. Described as Australia’s “cultural capital”, it is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian movie and television industries, and Australian modern dance such as the Melbourne Shuffle. It is identified as a UNESCO City of Literature and a significant center for street art, music and theatre. It is house to a lot of Australia’s biggest and oldest cultural organizations such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria, the State Library of Victoria and the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building.
The primary traveler airport serving the metropolis and the state is Melbourne Airport (likewise called Tullamarine Airport), which is the second busiest in Australia, and the Port of Melbourne is Australia’s busiest seaport for containerised and basic cargo. Melbourne has a comprehensive transport network. The main urban train terminus is Flinders Street Station, and the main regional train and coach terminus is Southern Cross Station. Melbourne is also the home of Australia’s most extensive highway network and has the world’s largest urban tram network.
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